Good Morning PCM world,
Another reader sent in questions with respect to the article 2012 revenues of the Product Cost Management market. However, this question was a little more broad:
Is there any difference between Project cost management and Product cost management from your your point of view?
That’s a very simple but good question. We had not considered addressing it before the question came in. The short answer is “YES!,” there is a big difference. The big difference is as simple as the two words:
PRODUCT vs. PROJECT
We have defined Product Cost Management before here as:
Product Cost Management – An agreed, coherent, and publicized system of culture/goals, processes, people, and tools following the product lifecycle, that ensures the product meets its profit (or cost) target on the day that it launches to the customer.
The definition of “Project Cost Management” is more murky. The wiki entry on Project Cost Management is less than satisfying. Here is the main definition portion of the entry:
“Project cost management (PCM) is a method which uses technology to measure cost and productivity through the full life cycle of enterprise level projects. PCM encompasses several specific functions of project management that include estimating, job controls, field data collection, scheduling, accounting and design.”
Other resources for a definition are Ecosys EPC, the Project Smart blog, Hard Dollar Software, and TutorialsPoint. Based on the knowledge from these sources, we would define Project Cost Managemenet as:
Project Cost Management – Project cost management is a group of techniques, including budgeting, forecasting/estimating, change control, field data collection, scheduling, accounting and design, and reporting that are used together to ensure that a project is completed at its target cost and on schedule. It is most often associated with the construction industry. In construction projects, it would include tracking of both project costs and the costs of the materials for structure being built. In the world of manufacturing, it would only include the costs of the project such as R&D and SG&A.
Note that in the definition we make a distinction between two very different industries: Manufacturing vs. Construction. In construction, we are most often making one thing — some sort of structure WHILE we are in in the midst of the project itself. In manufacturing, we are undertaking the project in order that we make many copies of a product in the future (when production begins). In manufacturing, we call the project, “Product Development,” including sourcing, testing, design, manufacturing planning, etc. In manufacturing, which is our primary focus on this blog, there is a fundamental difference in Product vs. Project cost management that goes all the way to the income statement itself.
See the figure to above to understand the focus of Product vs. Project Cost Management on an example income statement for a manufacturing company. The question then probably arises in everyone’s minds: Do we need both and which one is more important? That’s beyond this article, but maybe we can talk about it further in the future, if there is interest. We’ve left you some clues to answer those questions yourself in the figure above.
In the meantime, somebody call the Project Cost Management guys and tell them they are infringing our acronym! Everyone knows that the *real* PCM stands for PRODUCT Cost Management!